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Module 1 Resources

An Introduction to Non-Fatal Strangulation (NFS) in the New Zealand Context

Background reading

Additional reading

All clinicians 

  • MEDSAC manual chapters on Non-Fatal Strangulation and Family Violence 

The following references are all interesting but may have more relevance for one particular group of clinicians than others.
SAAT Services

  • Zilkens RR, Phillips MA, Kelly MC, Mukhtar SA, Semmens JB, Smith DA. Non-fatal strangulation in sexual assault:
    A study of clinical and assault characteristics highlighting the role of intimate partner violence. Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine 2016;43:1-7

Emergency Department or Urgent Care clinicians  

  • De Boos J. Review article: Non‐fatal strangulation: Hidden injuries, hidden risks. Emergency Medicine Australasia 2019;31:302-8 
  • American College of Emergency Physicians (ACEP) articles:  

General Practice clinicians

  • Community HealthPathways pages on Family Violence, Physical Assault, and Strangulation, and Injury Interpretation. (Contact MEDSAC for DHB login information, if required).

Resources mentioned in module

Useful support agencies

Other helpful resources

References